Afbeelding van de auteur.

Charlotte Brontë (1816–1855)

Auteur van Jane Eyre

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Over de Auteur

Charlotte Bronte, the third of six children, was born April 21, 1816, to the Reverend Patrick Bronte and Maria Branwell Bronte in Yorkshire, England. Along with her sisters, Emily and Anne, she produced some of the most impressive writings of the 19th century. The Brontes lived in a time when women toon meer used pseudonyms to conceal their female identity, hence Bronte's pseudonym, Currer Bell. Charlotte Bronte was only five when her mother died of cancer. In 1824, she and three of her sisters attended the Clergy Daughter's School in Cowan Bridge. The inspiration for the Lowood School in the classic Jane Eyre was formed by Bronte's experiences at the Clergy Daughter's School. Her two older sisters died of consumption because of the malnutrition and harsh treatment they suffered at the school. Charlotte and Emily Bronte returned home after the tragedy. The Bronte sisters fueled each other's creativity throughout their lives. As young children, they wrote long stories together about a complex imaginary kingdom they created from a set of wooden soldiers. In 1846, Charlotte Bronte, with her sisters Emily and Anne published a thin volume titled Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. In the same year, Charlotte Bronte attempted to publish her novel, The Professor, but was rejected. One year later, she published Jane Eyre, which was instantly well received. Charlotte Bronte's life was touched by tragedy many times. Despite several proposals of marriage, she did not accept an offer until 1854 when she married the Reverend A. B. Nicholls. One year later, at the age of 39, she died of pneumonia while she was pregnant. Her previously rejected novel, The Professor, was published posthumously in 1857. (Bowker Author Biography) toon minder

(eng) Do not combine Charlotte with either or both of her sisters. Also, do not combine this page with that of "Bronte". Thank you.

Fotografie: Portrait by George Richmond


Werken van Charlotte Brontë

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Algemene kennis

Officiële naam
Nichols Brontë, Charlotte
Pseudoniemen en naamsvarianten
Bell, Currer (pseudonym)
Nichols Brontë, Charlotte
Church of St Michael and All Angels, Haworth, West Yorkshire, England, UK
Land (voor op de kaart)
England, UK
Thornton, Yorkshire, England, UK
Plaats van overlijden
Haworth, Yorkshire, England, UK
Oorzaak van overlijden
probable hyperemesis gravidarum
Thornton, Yorkshire, England, UK
Haworth, Yorkshire, England, UK
Lancashire, England, UK
Mirfield, England, UK
Brussels, Belgium
Cowan Bridge
Roe Head, Mirfield, Yorkshire, England, UK
Pensionat Heger, Brussels, Belgium
Brontë, Emily (zus)
Brontë, Anne (zus)
Korte biografie
Charlotte Brontë was born in Thornton, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. Her parents were Maria Bramwell and Patrick Brontë, an Anglican clergyman and poet. In 1820, when she was a small child, the family moved to Haworth on the Yorkshire moors, where the Rev. Brontë had been appointed rector. The following year, Mrs. Brontë died. In 1824, Charlotte and Emily, along with their two elder sisters Maria and Elizabeth, were sent to the Clergy Daughters' School at Cowan Bridge, near Kirkby Lonsdale, Lancashire. The discipline there was harsh, and the girls found the food and other conditions miserable. Charlotte later portrayed the terrible school in her novel Jane Eyre as the Lowood Institution. After Maria and Elizabeth died in 1825, Charlotte and Emily returned home. Their father managed the upbringing of his three remaining daughters — Charlotte, Emily, and Anne — and son Bramwell thanks to the help of their maternal aunt Elizabeth Branwell, who left her native Cornwall to come and live with them. For more than five years, the Brontë children studied and played at home, writing and telling romantic tales for one another, and inventing imaginative games. At age 15, Charlotte enrolled at a new school not far from Haworth, Roe Head School. She spent 18 months there before returning home; in 1835, she went back again for a while as a teacher. To support herself and the family, Charlotte decided to become a governess and went with Emily to a boarding school in Brussels, Belgium, to improve their French and learn German. She later became a pupil-teacher there. Her unrequited love for the school's headmaster would eventually find an outlet in her novels Villette (1853) and The Professor (published posthumously in 1857). Before that, however, the ardent heart and rebellious spirit of her most famous creation, Jane Eyre (1847) brought immediate success and fame to the author under her pen name Currer Bell. Charlotte visited London three times at the invitation of her publisher and moved in literary circles, becoming a friend of Elizabeth Gaskell and William Makepeace Thackeray. Her novel Shirley (1849), written during and after the tragic deaths of her three siblings in a single year, showed Charlotte's engagement with both women's rights and workers' rights movements. In 1854, she married Arthur Nicholls, her father's curate and her long-time suitor. She became ill and died suddenly during pregnancy at age 38 in 1855. A comprehensive three-volume edition of her letters to family and friends, edited by Margaret Smith, was published in 1995-2004.
Do not combine Charlotte with either or both of her sisters. Also, do not combine this page with that of "Bronte". Thank you.



November 2023: The Brontë Sisters in Monthly Author Reads (december 6, 2023)
Jane Eyre in Franklin Library Collectors (januari 2023)
Jane Eyre LEC in George Macy devotees (januari 2023)
November Group Read: Shirley by Charlotte Brontë in 2014 Category Challenge (december 2014)
Jane Eyre in Book talk (juli 2014)
Best Bronte Quote? in The Brontës (januari 2014)
Jane Eyre in The Brontës (januari 2014)
Jane Eyre/Wuthering Heights in Books Compared (maart 2013)
1001 Group Read, Oct. 12: Villette in 1001 Books to read before you die (november 2012)
Villette Question in The Brontës (mei 2012)
*** Group Read: Jane Eyre (Spoiler Thread) in 75 Books Challenge for 2011 (april 2011)
*** Group Read: Jane Eyre (Non-Spoiler Thread) in 75 Books Challenge for 2011 (april 2011)
Jane Eyre Group Read (For the Procrastinators) Week One in 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (december 2010)


Mooi verhaal, mocht voor mijn idee dieper zijn gegaan, soms nogal hak op de tak. Prachtig beschreven. Wel moeilijke tekst soms. (logisch, i.v.m tijd waar het in geschreven is)
Ellenoor | 906 andere besprekingen | Dec 29, 2013 |
Drie sterke karakters
- Jane: taai, zeer zelfbewust, zelfs al als kind, maar groot identiteitsbewustzijn. Ze conformeert zich in allerlei situaties, maar toch altijd met de nodige reserves. . Uiteindelijk vindt ze de bevrijding in de zelfgekozen relatie met Edward als gelijke (eigen fortuin) .
- Edward Rochester: eerder een reus, sterk theatraal aspect, duidelijk Byroniaans, maar niet knap, zeer egocentrisch; sterk dierlijk aspect
- St-John Rivers: ambitieus, charismatisch en ontzettend knap, maar tegelijk ijzig, kil en berekenend. Maakt alles ondergeschikt aan zijn passie: missionering in dienst van God.

1. liefde versus autonomie: Jane zoekt wel geborgenheid, maar op basis van gelijkwaardigheid, vandaar afwijzing band met Rochester als ide blijkt al getrouwd te zijn
2. morele plicht versus aandrift: de maatschappelijke conventies spelen een belangrijke rol, waar ze echt niet buiten springt.
3. christelijke hypocrisie: gesymboliseerd door Brockhurst die zogenaamde evangelische principes wil opleggen aan de wijzen, maar wiens eigen familie zwelgt in weelde; St-John die zijn eigen invulling van christelijke plicht aan anderen wil opleggen; Jane vindt uiteindelijk zelf de ideale middenweg.
4. kritiek op sociale hiërarchie: de hypocrisie van het klassenonderscheid wordt duidelijk doorbroken, cfr de Reeds zijn duidelijk minderwaardig; idem Blanche Ingram. Als gouverneur is ze de evenknie van de edelen, maar in de praktijk wordt ze behandeld als een bediende. Jane respecteert de sociale grenzen wel, ze trouwt pas met Edward als ze zelf een fortuin heeft geërfd.
5. man-vrouw ongelijkheid: ze ondervindt duidelijk de mannelijke superioriteit, cfr relatie met Edward en St-John; en ze geeft er bijna aan toe; maar tegelijk heeft ze genoeg innerlijk vuur om zich als vrouw ertegen te verzetten.
Minder fijne interactie tussen de karakters dan bij Austen, maar wel zelfde milieu van plattelandsadel. Sublieme in monologue interieure
Wel enkele structurele eigenaardigheden
- als ze op de vlucht gaat voor Edward, vergeet ze blijkbaar dat ze aanspraak kan maken op een fortuin via een erfenis
- rol van het bovennatuurlijke:de stem van Edward die roept, eigenaardige dromen, schrik voor spoken, enz.
- uitgebreide beschrijvingen van interieurs
… (meer)
bookomaniac | 906 andere besprekingen | Sep 8, 2010 |
Mijn mooiste boek allertijden. Ik moest hem lezen voor mijn engelse lijst, de tranen liepen over mijn wangen.
biebtotty | 906 andere besprekingen | Nov 8, 2009 |
Romantisch. Leuk om zien hoe er geknipt werd om er een film van te maken. Laatste stuk wat te langdradig?
brver | 906 andere besprekingen | Sep 27, 2008 |


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