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Foto auteur. Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall<br>Courtesy of the <a href="">NYPL Digital Gallery</a><br>(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Photo by G. Frank E. Pearsall
Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery
(image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

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Walt Whitman was born on Long Island and raised in Brooklyn, New York, the son of a carpenter. He left school when he was 11 years old to take a variety of jobs. By the time he was 15, Whitman was living on his own in New York City, working as a printer and writing short pieces for newspapers. He spent a few years teaching, but most of his work was either in journalism or politics. Gradually, Whitman became a regular contributor to a variety of Democratic Party newspapers and reviews, and early in his career established a rather eccentric way of life, spending a great deal of time walking the streets, absorbing life and talking with laborers. Extremely fond of the opera, he used his press pass to spend many evenings in the theater. In 1846, Whitman became editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, a leading Democratic newspaper. Two years later, he was fired for opposing the expansion of slavery into the west. Whitman's career as a poet began in 1885, with the publication of the first edition of his poetry collection, Leaves of Grass. The book was self-published (Whitman probably set some of the type himself), and despite his efforts to publicize it - including writing his own reviews - few people read it. One reader who did appreciate it was essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson, who wrote a letter greeting Whitman at "the beginning of a great career." Whitman's poetry was unlike any verse that had ever been seen. Written without rhyme, in long, loose lines, filled with poetic lists and exclamations taken from Whitman's reading of the Bible, Homer, and Asian poets, these poems were totally unlike conventional poetry. Their subject matter, too, was unusual - the celebration of a free-spirited individualist whose love for all things and people seemed at times disturbingly sensual. In 1860, with the publication of the third edition on Leaves of Grass, Whitman alienated conventional thinkers and writers even more. When he went to Boston to meet Emerson, poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, and poet James Russell Lowell, they all objected to the visit. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Whitman's attentions turned almost exclusively to that conflict. Some of the greatest poetry of his career, including Drum Taps (1865) and his magnificent elegy for President Abraham Lincoln, "When Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" (1865), was written during this period. In 1862, his brother George was wounded in battle, and Whitman went to Washington to nurse him. He continued as a hospital volunteer throughout the war, nursing other wounded soldiers and acting as a benevolent father-figure and confidant. Parts of his memoir Specimen Days (1882) record this period. After the war, Whitman stayed on in Washington, working as a government clerk and continuing to write. In 1873 he suffered a stroke and retired to Camden, New Jersey, where he lived as an invalid for the rest of his life. Ironically, his reputation began to grow during this period, as the public became more receptive to his poetic and personal eccentricities. Whitman tried to capture the spirit of America in a new poetic form. His poetry is rough, colloquial, sweeping in its vistas - a poetic equivalent of the vast land and its varied peoples. Critic Louis Untermeyer has written, "In spite of Whitman's perplexing mannerisms, the poems justify their boundless contradictions. They shake themselves free from rant and bombastic audacities and rise into the clear air of major poetry. Such poetry is not large but self-assured; it knows, as Whitman asserted, the amplitude of time and laughs at dissolution. It contains continents; it unfolds the new heaven and new earth of the Western world." American poetry has never been the same since Whitman tore it away from its formal and thematic constraints, and he is considered by virtually all critics today to be one of the greatest poets the country has ever produced. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Grashalmen
… (meer)
Grashalmen 8,956 exemplaren, 73 besprekingen
Leaves of Grass (1855 edition) 2,614 exemplaren, 14 besprekingen
The Complete Poems 1,176 exemplaren, 5 besprekingen
Whitman: Poetry and Prose 1,149 exemplaren, 8 besprekingen
Leaves of Grass (1891-92 Edition) 875 exemplaren, 6 besprekingen
Poetry for Young People: Walt Whitman 838 exemplaren, 7 besprekingen
Song of Myself 730 exemplaren, 14 besprekingen
Selected Poems [ed. Appelbaum] 534 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
Leaves of Grass and Selected Prose 280 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
Selections from Leaves of Grass 264 exemplaren, 3 besprekingen
Specimen Days 149 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
On the Beach at Night Alone 141 exemplaren, 7 besprekingen
Poems By Walt Whitman 132 exemplaren
The Essential Whitman 129 exemplaren
Memoranda During the War 110 exemplaren, 3 besprekingen
Whitman Illuminated: Song of Myself 98 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer 98 exemplaren, 10 besprekingen
Selected Poems [ed. Crasnow] 90 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
Whitman [ed. Fielder] 85 exemplaren
Drum taps 73 exemplaren
Leaves of Grass (1860 edition) 56 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
A Choice of Whitman's Verse 49 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
I Hear America Singing 46 exemplaren, 3 besprekingen
Laws for Creations 42 exemplaren
Voyages 41 exemplaren
Democratic Vistas 39 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
Poetry for Kids: Walt Whitman 38 exemplaren, 4 besprekingen
The Whitman Reader 31 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
Live Oak, with Moss 29 exemplaren
An American Primer 24 exemplaren
Nothing But Miracles 20 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
The Portable Walt Whitman 17 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
American Bard 11 exemplaren
Cálamo 8 exemplaren
Whitman 8 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
Overhead the Sun 7 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
Two prefaces 7 exemplaren
November Boughs 7 exemplaren, 3 besprekingen
Leaves of Grass 6 exemplaren
Gresstrå 1 5 exemplaren
Whitman the Poet 5 exemplaren
Digte 5 exemplaren
The correspondence 4 exemplaren
A Whitman Portrait 4 exemplaren
Canto a mí mismo 4 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
Sequel to Drum-Taps 4 exemplaren
Drum-Taps and Memoranda During the War 4 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
La parola del corpo 3 exemplaren
Canti d'addio 3 exemplaren
Cimen Yapraklari 3 exemplaren
Rohulehed 2 exemplaren
Slang in America 2 exemplaren
Utvalda dagar 2 exemplaren
Obras completas. II 2 exemplaren
The Pamphlet Poets 2 exemplaren
Les fulles d'herba 2 exemplaren
Short Stories 2 exemplaren
The best of Whitman 2 exemplaren
Pictures : a poem 2 exemplaren
Collected writings 2 exemplaren
Poems and prose 1 exemplaar
Miracles (excerpt) 1 exemplaar
Poesías 1 exemplaar
Werke 1 exemplaar
Eidolons 1 exemplaar
Lincoln 1 exemplaar
Lyrik und Prosa 1 exemplaar
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Prosaschriften 1 exemplaar
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new york dissected 1 exemplaar
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Kosmos 1 exemplaar
diVersi 1 exemplaar
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Ruohonlehtiä 1 exemplaar
collected prose 1 exemplaar
Fuldkomne Dage 1 exemplaar
Salut au monde 1 exemplaar
City of Orgies 1 exemplaar
Choix de poèmes 1 exemplaar
Whitman's Poems 1 exemplaar
Canti scelti 1 exemplaar
Demokratski vidici 1 exemplaar
Calamus 1 exemplaar
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Valitut runot 1 exemplaar
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One Hundred and One Famous Poems (Medewerker, sommige edities) 1,741 exemplaren, 17 besprekingen
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (Medewerker, sommige edities) 849 exemplaren, 6 besprekingen
A Book of Luminous Things: An International Anthology of Poetry (Medewerker) 749 exemplaren, 9 besprekingen
The Outlaw Bible of American Poetry (Medewerker) 542 exemplaren, 3 besprekingen
The Best Loved Poems of Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis (Medewerker) 469 exemplaren, 11 besprekingen
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (Medewerker) 456 exemplaren, 4 besprekingen
Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (Medewerker) 451 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
World Poetry: An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time (Medewerker) 406 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (Medewerker, sommige edities) 404 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (Medewerker) 350 exemplaren, 3 besprekingen
Ten Poems to Change Your Life (Medewerker) 309 exemplaren, 4 besprekingen
Our White House: Looking In, Looking Out (Medewerker) 289 exemplaren, 7 besprekingen
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Medewerker) 254 exemplaren, 4 besprekingen
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (Medewerker, sommige edities) 237 exemplaren
The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Medewerker) 212 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (Medewerker) 211 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
The Art of Fact: A Historical Anthology of Literary Journalism (Medewerker) 195 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
Teaching with Fire: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Teach (Medewerker) 186 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
A Treasury of Poetry for Young People (Medewerker) 171 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
The Civil War: The Second Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Medewerker) 147 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Medewerker) 138 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (Medewerker) 124 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
The Civil War: The Third Year Told by Those Who Lived It (Medewerker) 123 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Medewerker) 121 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
The Norton Book of Travel (Medewerker) 106 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Medewerker) 99 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
Norton Book of Friendship (Medewerker) 88 exemplaren
Leading From Within: Poetry That Sustains the Courage to Lead (Medewerker) 88 exemplaren, 2 besprekingen
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Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Medewerker) 35 exemplaren, 1 bespreking
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AQA Anthology (Auteur, sommige edities) 18 exemplaren
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