Afbeelding van de auteur.

Herman Melville (1819–1891)

Auteur van Moby Dick

658+ Werken 67,378 Leden 1,027 Besprekingen Favoriet van 254 leden
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Over de Auteur

Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 - September 28, 1891) was born into a seemingly secure, prosperous world, a descendant of prominent Dutch and English families long established in New York State. That security vanished when first, the family business failed, and then, two years later, in young toon meer Melville's thirteenth year, his father died. Without enough money to gain the formal education that professions required, Melville was thrown on his own resources and in 1841 sailed off on a whaling ship bound for the South Seas. His experiences at sea during the next four years were to form in part the basis of his best fiction. Melville's first two books, Typee (1846) and Omoo (1847), were partly romance and partly autobiographical travel books set in the South Seas. Both were popular successes, particularly Typee, which included a stay among cannibals and a romance with a South Sea maiden. During the next several years, Melville published three more romances that drew upon his experiences at sea: Redburn (1849) and White-Jacket (1850), both fairly realistic accounts of the sailor's life and depicting the loss of innocence of central characters; and Mardi (1849), which, like the other two books, began as a romance of adventure but turned into an allegorical critique of contemporary American civilization. Moby Dick (1851) also began as an adventure story, based on Melville's experiences aboard the whaling ship. However, in the writing of it inspired in part by conversations with his friend and neighbor Hawthorne and partly by his own irrepressible imagination and reading of Shakespeare and other Renaissance dramatists Melville turned the book into something so strange that, when it appeared in print, many of his readers and critics were dumbfounded, even outraged. By the mid-1850s, Melville's literary reputation was all but destroyed, and he was obliged to live the rest of his life taking whatever jobs he could find and borrowing money from relatives, who fortunately were always in a position to help him. He continued to write, however, and published some marvelous short fiction pieces Benito Cereno" (1855) and "Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853) are the best. He also published several volumes of poetry, the most important of which was Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War (1866), poems of occasionally great power that were written in response to the moral challenge of the Civil War. His posthumously published work, Billy Budd (1924), on which he worked up until the time of his death, became Melville's last significant literary work, a brilliant short novel that movingly describes a young sailor's imprisonment and death. Melville's reputation, however, rests most solidly on his great epic romance, Moby Dick. It is a difficult as well as a brilliant book, and many critics have offered interpretations of its complicated ambiguous symbolism. Darrel Abel briefly summed up Moby Dick as "the story of an attempt to search the unsearchable ways of God," although the book has historical, political, and moral implications as well. Melville died at his home in New York City early on the morning of September 28, 1891, at age 72. The doctor listed "cardiac dilation" on the death certificate. He was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York, along with his wife, Elizabeth Shaw Melville. (Bowker Author Biography) toon minder
Fotografie: Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

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Werken van Herman Melville

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Redburn (1849) 570 exemplaren
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21 Essential American Short Stories (2011) — Medewerker — 24 exemplaren
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Tagged

Algemene kennis

Gangbare naam
Melville, Herman
Officiële naam
Melville, Herman
Pseudoniemen en naamsvarianten
Melvill, Herman [birth name/original spelling]
Geboortedatum
1819-08-01
Overlijdensdatum
1891-09-28
Graflocatie
Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx County, New York, USA
Geslacht
male
Nationaliteit
USA
Geboorteplaats
New York, New York, USA
Plaats van overlijden
New York, New York, USA
Oorzaak van overlijden
cardiovascular disease
Woonplaatsen
New York, New York, USA [1819-1830]
Albany, New York, USA [1830-1838]
Troy, New York, USA [1838]
merchantman St. Lawrence [1839]
whaling ship Acushnet [1841]
whaling ship Charles & Henry (toon alle 7)
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, USA
Opleiding
New York Male School (1825)
Columbia Grammar School (1829-1830)
Albany Classical School (1835)
Albany Academy (1830-1831)
Albany Academy (1836-1837)
Lansingburgh Acadamy (1838)
Beroepen
bank clerk (1832-1834)
sailor
harpooner, whaleship Charles & Henry
farm hand (1834-1835)
novelist
Customs inspector, New York, New York, USA (toon alle 10)
clerk (1832-1834)
bookkeeper (1935-1937)
teacher (1837)
teacher (1839-1840)
Relaties
Metcalf, Paul (great-grandson)
Hawthorne, Nathaniel (friend)
Dana, Richard Henry (friend)
Korte biografie
Herman Melville, American author, was born in New York City on the 1st of August 1819. He shipped as a cabin-boy at the age of eighteen, thus being enabled to make his first visit to England, and at twenty-two sailed for a long whaling cruise in the Pacific. After a year and a half he deserted his ship at the Marquesas Islands, on account of the cruelty of the captain; was captured by cannibals on the island of Nukahiva, and detained, without hardship, four months; was rescued by the crew of an Australian vessel, which he joined, and two years later reached New York. Thereafter, with the exception of a passenger voyage around the world in 1860, Melville remained in the United States, devoting himself to literature -- though for a considerable period (1866-1885) he held a post in the New York custom-house -- and being perhaps Hawthorne's most intimate friend among the literary men of America. His writings were numerous, but judged of varying merit by his contemporaries; his verse, patriotic and other was forgotten; and his works of fiction and of travel were deemed of irregular execution. Nevertheless, few authors have been enabled so freely to introduce romantic personal experiences into their books. He portrayed seafaring life and character with vigour and originality, and from a personal knowledge equal to that of Cooper, Marryat or Clark Russell. But these records of adventure were followed by other tales that his contemporaries found so turgid, eccentric, opinionative, and loosely written as to seem the work of another author. He died a failed author in New York on the 28th of September 1891. The 20th century's collective reassessment of his work is much more favorable, and he is now classed among the greatest American writers.

Leden

Discussies

Price for Moby Dick in George Macy devotees (mei 2023)
Moby Dick in Folio Society Devotees (februari 2017)
The Great White Whale: Cynara and PurlPoet read Moby Dick in 75 Books Challenge for 2014 (augustus 2014)
Moby Dick in Writer-readers (april 2013)
To the Sea! in Le Salon Littéraire du Peuple pour le Peuple (januari 2012)
***Group Read: Moby Dick (Spoiler Free) in 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (oktober 2010)
Moby Dick in Someone explain it to me... (juli 2010)
Pierre: or, Bucolic Reading in Le Salon Littéraire du Peuple pour le Peuple (december 2009)

Besprekingen

Achab, kapitein op de walvisvaart, is een been kwijtgeraakt door toedoen van de witte walvis Moby Dick. Hij wil, koste wat het kost, wraak. En het kost wat: zijn schip en de hele bemanning, op één na, die het verhaal kan vertellen.
Het boek laat de lezer kennismaken met de walvis, allerlei aspecten van de walvisvaart, de gevaren ervan en het nut van wat de walvissen opleveren. Blij dat er op die manier niet meer op walvissen wordt gejaagd, dat er überhaupt nauwelijks meer op die dieren wordt gejaagd.… (meer)
 
Gemarkeerd
wannabook08 | 540 andere besprekingen | Jan 13, 2021 |
An extremely rare edition nowadays, and expensive, but careful research brought an affordably priced copy to my attention. Excellent text, printing and annotations! Indispensible for a serious study of Moby-Dick.
 
Gemarkeerd
lest | 540 andere besprekingen | Aug 28, 2017 |
Broeiende adaptatie, die vol inzet op de waanzin van Ahab, dik en vettig ingekleurd. Jammer (maar evengoed verdedigbaar) is dat enkele sleutelscènes 'ontbreken' en dat Chabouté niet de variatie in stijlregisters van Melville nastreeft. Het resultaat mag er evenwel zijn. Deze bewerking staat er vanaf de eerste pagina, en overtuigt zowel als een op zich staand werk als als een respectvolle verbeelding van het origineel.
 
Gemarkeerd
razorsoccam | 5 andere besprekingen | Jun 7, 2017 |
Latest Dutch translation (after four (or five?) previous ones: J.F. Werumeus Buning (1929), Emy Giphart (1961), ?P.A. Zandstra (1970)?, S. Westerdijk (1979), Helen Knopper (1981)). Due to the popularity of the story many editions have been published, including numerous adaptations, abbreviated versions, illustrated classics, children's books etc, making the publishing history a horror to unravel. The Netherlands are no exception.
 
Gemarkeerd
lest | 540 andere besprekingen | Nov 9, 2016 |

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Dan McCall Editor
Marcel Proust Contributor
Arthur Conan Doyle Contributor
Jonathan Swift Contributor
Stendhal Contributor
Victor Hugo Contributor
George Sand Contributor
Bram Stoker Contributor
Jane Austen Contributor
Leo Tolstoy Contributor
Alexandre Dumas Contributor
D. H. Lawrence Contributor
Walter Scott Contributor
James Joyce Contributor
George Gissing Contributor
Hollis Godfrey Contributor
H. Rider Haggard Contributor
Pieter Harting Contributor
Maxim Gorky Contributor
Benjamin Disraeli Contributor
John Cleland Contributor
Vatsyayana Contributor
Susan Coolidge Contributor
Jules Verne Contributor
Rebecca West Contributor
Upton Sinclair Contributor
G.K. Chesterton Contributor
Thomas Mann Contributor
L. Frank Baum Contributor
Daniel Defoe Contributor
Margaret Cavendish Contributor
Rudyard Kipling Contributor
Wilkie Collins Contributor
Charles Dickens Contributor
Lucius Apuleius Contributor
Marcus Aurelius Contributor
Grant Allen Contributor
H. G. Wells Contributor
O. Henry Contributor
Elizabeth Gaskell Contributor
Arthur Morrison Contributor
Jr. Horatio Alger Contributor
Dale Carnegie Contributor
Honoré de Balzac Contributor
Anne Brontë Contributor
Henri Barbusse Contributor
Honore de Balzac Contributor
Thomas Dekker Contributor
Emily Brontë Contributor
Arthur Machen Contributor
Guy de Maupassant Contributor
Sun Tzu Contributor
Charlotte Brontë Contributor
E. M. Forster Contributor
Gustave Flaubert Contributor
Dante Alighieri Contributor
Louisa May Alcott Contributor
Henry Fielding Contributor
Lewis Carroll Contributor
Theodore Dreiser Contributor
Sir Walter Scott Contributor
Gaston Leroux Contributor
George Eliot Contributor
Oscar Wilde Contributor
Joseph Conrad Contributor
Aldous Huxley Contributor
John Webster Contributor
Alphonse Daudet Contributor
Fyodor Dostoyevsky Contributor
Virginia Woolf Contributor
Blaise Pascal Contributor
Theodor Fontane Contributor
Frank Stockton Contributor
O'Henry Contributor
James Thurber Contributor
Ernest Hemingway Contributor
Ambrose Bierce Contributor
Carl Stephenson Contributor
William Faulkner Contributor
Shirley Jackson Contributor
Edith Wharton Contributor
Tom Quirk Commentary, Editor, Contributor
Thomas Trent Translator
Pauline Kael Contributor
R. W. B. Lewis Afterword, Editor
John Updike Introduction
Thomas L. McHaney Contributor
Orville Dewey Contributor
Scott Norsworthy Contributor
Margaret Coel Contributor
John W. Shroeder Contributor
Susan M. Ryan Contributor
Jonathan A. Cook Contributor
Carl Van Vechten Contributor
Brian Higgins Contributor
Abraham Tucker Contributor
Dennis Marnon Contributor
James Hall Contributor
Joel Barlow Contributor
Stephen D. Hoy Contributor
Henry Scott Tuke Cover artist
Lalit Kumar Illustrator
Daniel G. Hoffman Contributor
Hermann Fay Illustrator
Al Fiorentino Illustrator
James Prunier Illustrator
Bruce Hodges Activities by
Erez Volk Translator
Mead Schaeffer Illustrator
Joyce Carol Oates Introduction
Rockwell Kent Illustrator
Klaus Buhlert Director
Hans Seiffert Übersetzer
Irene Hirsch Translator
Kurt Schmischke Illustrator
Phoebe Judge Narrator
Barry Moser Illustrator
Matthias Jendis Translator
Jody Hewgill Cover artist
Paul Boehmer Narrator
Andrew Delbanco Introduction
Alfred Kazin Introduction
Cesare Pavese Translator
Tony Millionaire Illustrator
Clifton Fadiman Introduction
David Herd Introduction
Nathaniel Philbrick Introduction
Nemi D'Agostino Translator
Alice Seiffert Übersetzer
Fritz Güttinger Translator
Frank Muller Narrator
Garrick Palmer Illustrator
Boardman Robinson Illustrator
William M. Gibson Introduction
Robert Gibbings Introduction, Illustrator
Johan M. Palm Translator
Sabine Wilharm Illustrator
Auke Leistra Translator
Piet Clement Illustrator
Richard Moering Translator
William Plomer Introduction
坂下 昇 Translator
Jacques Boullaire Illustrator
Ilse Hecht Translator
Klaus Ensikat Illustrator
William Hodges Cover artist
Maurice Sendak Illustrator
Roy Fuller Introduction
Julian Markels Introduction
William Thorp Afterword
Pierre Leyris Translator
Christa Schuenke Übersetzer
Edward Gorey Cover artist
Elizabeth Hardwick Introduction
Maxwell Geismar Introduction
Robert Shore Illustrator
Bill Bragg Illustrator
Peter Coviello Introduction
Jay Leyda Editor
John Arcudi Foreword
Laure Dupont Translator
Antonio Frasconi Cover designer
Pascal Cloëtta Illustrator
T. Johnson Front cover illustration
Hans Paetsch Narrator
Rex Warner Introduction
Bruguera Editor
Gianni De Conno Illustrator

Statistieken

Werken
658
Ook door
135
Leden
67,378
Populariteit
#198
Waardering
3.8
Besprekingen
1,027
ISBNs
3,344
Talen
38
Favoriet
254

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